Tropical Architecture Perspective 2

Tropical  Architecture  is  through  maximising  cross ventilation and natural daylight,a providing ample  louvres,  the usage of  void,  frosted glass, stucco and bricks as main materials in design. 

The  first project  is a  small house  for an elderly with  the emphasis of  louvres as a  simplez traditional form with a modern  twist as part of  the overall  façade. This approach maximises air circulation and natural daylight. Cross ventilation is gained through openings and flexible  partitions on  the ground  floor. The use of white paint  for  the  interior calms and cools down the inside as well as absorbs the heat from the outside.  

The same elements are applied in his second project, which is a small double-storey house in a village of Jakarta. Exposed stucco is used as the main material with a design of a void located  at  the  centre  of  the  house. The  reason  of  the  placement  of  the  void  is  to  create bigger visual  impression of  the overall mass. The dining area  is  located below  the void  to apply  direct  interaction  between  two  levels.  The  upper  level  comprises  a  number  of bedrooms circulated around  the void. Frosted glass sliding door  is applied  to  the design of the master bedroom  for direct view  towards  the  interior spaces and doubling up as natural cross ventilation to minimise mechanical ventilation. In order to maximise safety awareness of  the occupants and provide efficient contact between  indoors and outdoors,  the pantry  is located at  the  front of  the house. Skylights and courtyards are  introduced  in  the design  to gain  more  natural  lighting  into  each  space,  creating  a  comfortable  ambience  within  the residence.

The third project is the Java Plant Laboratory in Indonesia, which consists of two levels. The laboratory  is sited on  the ground  floor while meeting  rooms and offices are  located on  the upper floor. The design of the building is narrow to take full advantage of air circulation and daylight, thus, reducing heat gain. Brickworks are used as the building façade where a gap in  between  is  purposely  allocated  to  optimise  natural  ventilation  and  lighting  within  the laboratory. Looking into the interior on sunny days, wonderful shadow patterns are seen, all  thanks to the effects from the gap between the brickworks. 

Another housing project highlighted is a double-storey house with the same elements used, but an addition of a hanging garden with water elements overlooks  the working area. The last project  is an office building  in Jakarta where maximum openings are  in  the north and south of the building to optimise ventilation and natural daylight. The upper part of the office overlaps an existing theatre, where it shares the same structure as a support.

In conclusion, design with maximum cross ventilation, natural  lighting,  louvres and natural materials  are  elements  and  approaches  in  designing  a  sustainable  and  efficient  Tropical  Architecture in our tropical climate.
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